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Ancient eclipses and dating the fall of babylon

ancient eclipses and dating the fall of babylon-90

Thousands of cuneiform tablets have been found in an area running from Anatolia to Egypt.

Keeping historical lists of rulers was traditional in the ancient Near East.Many tablets were not even baked in antiquity and have to be carefully handled until they are heated properly.The site of an item's recovery is an important piece of information for archaeologists. First, in ancient times old materials were often reused either as building material or fill, sometimes at a great distance from the original location.While there are some relatively pristine objects, such as you might see in the Louvre or the British Museum, the vast majority of recovered tables and inscriptions are in much worse condition.They have been broken with only portions found, intentionally defaced, and damaged by weather or the effects of being buried underground.In the series, the conjunction of the rise of Venus with the new moon provides a fixed point, or rather three fixed points, for the conjunction is a periodic occurrence.

Astronomical calculation can therefore fix, for example, the first dates of the reign of Hammurabi in this manner either as 1848, 1792, or 1736 BC, depending on whether the "high" (or "long"), "middle" or "low (or short) chronology" is followed.

A king may even take credit for a battle or construction project of an earlier ruler.

The Assyrians in particular have a literary tradition of always putting the best possible face on history.

For the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, the following periods can be distinguished: Due to the sparsity of sources throughout the "Dark Age", the history of the Near Eastern Bronze Age down to the end of the Third Babylonian Dynasty is a "floating chronology".

In other words, it fits together internally as a "relative chronology" but not as an "absolute chronology".

The alternative major chronologies are defined by the date of the 8th year of the reign of Ammisaduqa, king of Babylon. The middle chronology (reign of Hammurabi 1792–1750 BC) is commonly encountered in literature, and many recent textbooks on the archaeology and history of the ancient Near East continue using it. There are also some scholars who discount the validity of the Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa entirely.