Dating the older man book
289), until the discovery of the Nabonidus Chronicle.
This would be especially true if the author's purpose was to encourage the people of his day who were currently suffering persecution also, as the proponents of the second century date of writing believe.The author places himself in the midst of the exile, during "the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim..., Nebuchadnezzar, .to Jerusalem and besieged it." (Dan 1:1) This event we know to have occurred around 605 BC (Baldwin, pg.17), and this being the earliest chronological event in the book, gives us a general timeframe for reference.The mention of him as the last king of Babylon in Daniel seemed to be an unreconcilable error to historians and critics.Secular sources have, since ancient times, stated that Nabonidus was the last king of Babylon (p. Then, with the discovery of the Nabonidus Chronicle, Daniel was proven correct.Critics using this argument see a conflict between this verse and Jeremiah 25:1, where he refers to "the fourth year of Jehoiakim," whereas Daniel 1:1 refers to the same event occurring in the "third year of the reign of Jehoiakim." This apparent error is actually a cultural difference of dating systems.
Jeremiah, a Palestinian, naturally uses the Palestinian dating system, which would place Jehoiakim's fourth year in 605 BC Daniel, using the Babylonian system, places Jehoiakim's third year in 605 BC (Harrison, pg. This apparent error can easily be used against critics, in support of the sixth century date of writing, with two arguments.
He refers to the "'abomination the causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel." Here, Jesus uses the Greek dia, along with the genitive case, which always implies personal human agency (Archer, pg 284) That should strongly lead one to believe that Jesus was under the impression that the Daniel he referred to was an actual person named Daniel, not just the title of a book.
Jesus also calls that Daniel a profhtou, or "one who proclaims inspired utterances on behalf of God" (Louw).
The first six chapters are the history section, telling of a Jew named Daniel of royal descent, who was taken captive along with the rest of the people from the city of Jerusalem.
King Nebuchadnezzer placed Daniel (among others) in his service, and had them trained.
It is very likely that he himself would be referring to historical sources, such as Jeremiah, which uses the Palestinian dating system.