Doesn t carbon dating work rocks
Evidence of this type led them to look into the possibility that a single magma might produce rocks of varying mineral content. Bowen discovered that as magma cools in the laboratory, certain minerals crystallize first.A pioneering investigation into the crystallization of magma was carried out by N. At successively lower temperature, other minerals begin to crystallize as shown in Figure 3.6.
This calls the whole radiometric dating scheme into serious question.The following quote from The Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology by Tarbuck & Lutgens, pp.55-57, (1987), gives us an idea of the tremendous complexity of the processes that occur when magma solidifies.Most scientists today believe that life has existed on the earth for billions of years.This belief in long ages for the earth and the existence of life is derived largely from radiometric dating.Lava (properly called magma before it erupts) fills large underground chambers called magma chambers.
Most people are not aware of the many processes that take place in lava before it erupts and as it solidifies, processes that can have a tremendous influence on daughter to parent ratios.
Lava erupting earlier would come from the top of the magma chamber, and lava erupting later would come from lower down.
A number of processes could cause the parent substance to be depleted at the top of the magma chamber, or the daughter product to be enriched, both of which would cause the lava erupting earlier to appear very old according to radiometric dating, and lava erupting later to appear younger.
This left branch is called a discontinuous reaction series because each mineral has a different crystalline structure.
Recall that olivine is composed of a single tetrahedra and that the other minerals in this sequence are composed of single chains, double chains, and sheet structures, respectively.
As the crystallization process continues, the composition of the melt (liquid portion of a magma, excluding any solid material continually changes.