Legislation mandating additional reductions
These funds are designed to help the states meet diesel emissions reductions through the use of certified engine configurations or verified technologies only.This does not cover research and development of new technologies as in the federal grant program.
These loans are issued on a competitive basis to maximize reductions in diesel emissions in terms of number of tons of pollution and emissions exposure.It passed the House on September 22nd, 2010, and then moved on to the Senate. That bill was the Voinovich-Carper Diesel Emissions Reduction Act of 2010, which was the 3973 bill heard by the 111th Senate.However the Senate already had a bill in progress that did basically the same thing that H. S.3973 was first introduced to the senate on November 18th, 2010, but never made it passed the Senate floor. Ultumently the DERA that passed and became law was the one that was introduced by the House.He acknowledges this however, and states he looks forward to working with the members of the Subcommittee on Clean Air, Climate Change & Nuclear Safety of the Committee on Environment & Public Works to reduce the health effects of diesel exhaust.Under this renewal, DERA would be active until 2016, and the legislation would attempt to modify the program by adding a competitive bidding process for groups seeking funding.Nastri even states that diesel exhaust is a likely carcinogen.
Nastri concludes his address by stating that even through the current efforts of the Clean Diesel Emissions Campaign, it will take a staggering amount of money that the EPA does not have.
States can apply for this aid through the EPA, which reviews the application and decides if a state is eligible for a monetary allocation.
If all 50 states qualify for funding, each state receives 2% of the appropriated funds for the state grant and loan program.
DERA highlights that areas with a dense population of fleet vehicles and designated by the EPA as low air quality areas should receive priority for these funds.
DERA also stipulates that at least 50% of the funds available should be distributed to public vehicle fleets.
The EPA released this report in August 2009, reporting its success of reducing 46,000 tons of nitrogen oxide emissions and 2,200 tons of fine particulate matter.